An elector who does not possess any of the above may show, as long as he is up to date: (b) Any elective qualification or voting requirement or voting norm, practice or procedure that is or will be intended to impair the capacity of a citizen of the United States on the basis of race or color, or in violation of the guarantees set forth in Article 10303 (f) (2) of this Title, the choice of their preference denies or restricts candidates the right to vote within the meaning of paragraph (a) of this Article. (4) When a State or political subdivision subject to the prohibitions in the second sentence of subparagraph (a) provides registration or voting notices, forms, instructions, assistance or other documents or information relating to the electoral process, including ballot papers, it shall make them available in the language of the linguistic minority concerned and in English: that if the language of the minority group in question is oral or unwritten, or in the case of Alaska Native and American Indian, if the dominant language is not historically written, the state or political subdivision is only required to provide verbal instructions, assistance, or other information regarding registration and voting. Different forms of compulsory voting in different countries change perceptions of current or absent practice in the country to an examination of the degree and manner in which the government forces its citizens to participate. Another consequence of mandatory voting is the possible high number of «random votes». Voters who vote against their free will can randomly tick off a candidate, especially the Spitzenkandidat on the ballot. The voter does not care who he votes for, as long as the government is convinced that he has fulfilled his civic duty. How does this immeasurable category of random votes affect the legitimacy of the democratically elected government? «Proof of identity» means a document that satisfies: The bill that President Johnson signed the next day banned literacy testing and provided for the appointment of federal examiners (with the authority to register citizens qualified to vote) in jurisdictions that were «covered» according to a formula provided for by law. In addition, Section 5 of the Act required courts to obtain «prior authorization» from the District Court for the District of Columbia or the U.S. Attorney General for new voting practices and procedures. Article 2, which closely followed the language of the 15th Amendment, enforced a national prohibition on denying or restricting the right to vote on the basis of race or color.

The use of voting rights in national elections was abolished by the 24th Amendment (1964) to the Constitution; The Electoral Rights Act directed the Attorney General to challenge the use of voting taxes in national and local elections. In Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections, 383 U.S. 663 (1966), the Supreme Court declared the Virginia capitation tax unconstitutional under the 14th Amendment. Not applied for persons over 70 years of age, who prove that they were not in the national territory at the time of voting, and those who could not vote due to force majeure. The court may appoint one or more persons entitled to vote in the judicial district, designated as arbitrators and who sign the oath of office under section 3331 of title 5, who are in office for a period determined by the court, to receive such requests, collect evidence and report to the court if, in an election or elections. (1) that applicant is entitled to vote under the law of the State, and (2) he or she has been entitled to vote since the determination of (a) deprived or denied the opportunity to register to vote or otherwise have the right to vote, or (b) was declared disqualified from voting by a person acting in accordance with the color of the law. In proceedings before an arbitrator, the claimant shall be heard at the dates and places fixed by the court. His affidavit is prima facie evidence of his age, place of residence and previous efforts to register or otherwise be eligible to vote. If proof of literacy or understanding of other subjects is required by the applicable provisions of state law, the applicant`s written response will be included in this report to the court; If adopted orally, it is recorded in shorthand and a transcript is included in the report to the Court. The term «test or device» means any requirement that, as a condition of voting or voter registration, a person (1) demonstrates the ability to read, write, understand or interpret a question, (2) demonstrates academic achievement or knowledge of a particular subject, (3) is of good character, or (4) qualifies through the registration form of registered voters or members of another class.

Proves. In any proceeding commenced by the United States in a United States District Court under this section in which the Attorney General seeks a declaration of a form or practice of discrimination under section (e) of this section, the Attorney General at the time the complaint is filed, or a defendant in the proceeding, Within twenty days of service of the complaint, he may, at the registry of that court, request that a court of three judges be convened to hear and decide the whole case. A copy of the application for the establishment of a three-judge court shall be provided without delay by that registrar to the county president (or, in his absence, to the presiding district judge of the county) in which the case is pending. Upon receipt of a copy of such a request, it shall be the responsibility of the presiding county president or district judge to promptly appoint three judges in that district, including at least one district judge and one other district judge of the court before which the proceedings have been initiated. It is the responsibility of the judges so appointed to adjourn the case for hearing as soon as possible, to participate in the hearing and its decision and to ensure that the case is expedited in every possible way.